What is Natural Gas?
Natural Gas is the product of decomposed organic matter, typically from ancient marine microorganisms, deposited over the past 550 million years. Heat and pressure created chemical changes over time, transforming the material into hydrocarbons such as Natural Gas. Today this important energy source is found in sedimentary rock throughout the world.
What are the properties of Natural Gas?
The main ingredient of Natural Gas is methane, but it may have small amounts of other gases (including ethane, propane and butane). Natural Gas is colourless and odourless in its pure form. The distinctive smell we often associate with natural gas is actually an odour-causing substance, called mercaptan, added to gas for safety reasons. When burned, natural gas gives off a great deal of energy while producing few emissions.
How is Natural Gas used?
Natural Gas is abundant, safe, reliable, efficient and a cleaner-burning option than other fossil fuels. Because of these properties, Natural Gas is a popular fuel for heating our homes, cooking our food, fueling transportation, generating electricity, running industrial plants and providing raw material for a range of products. Natural Gas provides almost a third of the energy used by Australians.